What is Emotional Intelligence?

5 Components of Emotional Intelligence at a glance.

  • Self-management
  • Empathy
  • Motivation
  • Effective Social Skills

Intelligence is a broad term; there are many types of intelligence closely related to each other but at the same time with significant differences. Emotional Intelligence (EI) is one of the most important psychological assets of an individual. It is described as the ability to understand and control emotions of oneself and of the others’ around. Being aware of your own feelings, thoughts, and emotions and understanding how they influence directly or indirectly people that you interact with is a “special skill” of people with a high degree of EI.

Various research has been conducted by the most distinguished Universities worldwide. The Harvard Business School it was determined that Emotional Intelligence is much more important than Intelligence Quotient (IQ). Persons with high EI are characterized by skills like:

  • the ability to identify and recognize one’s own feelings and emotions
  • the ability to control those feelings and emotions and use them in problem-solving tasks
  • the ability to manage one’s own and other emotions in complex situations
  • the ability to distinguish and label different emotions correctly
  • the ability to use emotional information to guide your thinking and behavior

Emotional Intelligence, among other things, has an important role in Leadership business. Effective leaders work hard in building these skills. Below you can find 5 components of Emotional Intelligence.

5 Components of Emotional Intelligence and their Influence in Leadership


Self-awareness is an interpersonal skill that most people work on to improve it through various techniques. People that are endowed with this ability are logical, know how and what they feel, and are aware of the way that their emotions and actions affect others.

This quality is essential for individuals in Leading positions because it helps them fully understand their strengths, weaknesses, and allow them to constantly improve their behavior. This doesn’t mean that strong personality persons with the excellent capability to control their emotions never occur to have negative thoughts or experience anger. It means that these persons know how to examine their feelings, identify, reflect on, and label these emotions, and most importantly, use them in a positive way.


Being an effective leader means having exceptional self-management abilities. Although personality temper differs from person to person, practice makes perfect. Knowing how to control yourself have better communication skills, do not verbally attack others, make smart decisions based on logic rather than emotions, do not stereotype others and recognize their values.

According to Daniel Goleman, self-management (self-regulation) is an element of emotional intelligence that covers a leader’s flexibility and commitment to personal accountability.


Empathy is the ability of a person to put themselves in someone’s else position. This emotional intelligence component is essential for successful leaders; they need to have the ability to listen to people to understand their needs and provide constructive guidance.

This helps them earn the respect and loyalty of people within your organization. Empathy is developed by first understanding yourself; paying attention to people’s feelings, behaviors, body language; responding to these feelings with appreciation.


For successful and effective management of a team, organization, or even a country, self-motivation is essential especially when aiming leadership of highest standards and working towards the accomplishment of long-term goals.

Loving what you do is what keeps you get going even when things get tough. If you’re facing challenges such as dissatisfaction with your role and influence, try to find the root of the problem, and remember to remind yourself what made you do this job in the first place.

Motivation is when you see the light at the end of the tunnel; when the hope that you’ll find the right solution is always lit in you. All you need is initiative and commitment to complete an objective. People with this quality are optimistic, mind-open, and with positive thoughts.

Effective Social Skills

Social skills and relationship management with people you interact helps you establish excellent communication, be supportive, manage effectively time and resolve difficult situations, and develop negotiation and persuasion abilities.  This is one of the most important elements of emotional intelligence and maturity that defines a person who knows how to guide a team of people in the right direction.
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